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简述非金属汽油抗爆剂的急救处理方法!
作者:admin 来源:本站 发布时间:2021-5-11 15:52:26 浏览次数:82

非金属汽油抗爆剂为无色油状略有水果香味的液体,易挥发、易溶于有机溶剂、脂肪和类脂质。可经呼吸道、消化道和皮肤吸收。接下来小编为大家讲解一下汽油抗爆剂的急救处理:

The non-metallic gasoline antiknock agent is colorless, oily and slightly fruity liquid, which is volatile and soluble in organic solvents, fats and lipids. It can be absorbed through respiratory tract, digestive tract and skin. Next, let's talk about the emergency treatment of gasoline antiknock agent

(1)立即将患者移离现场,脱去污染衣服、鞋帽,用肥皂水或清水彻底清洗污染的皮肤、指甲和毛发。

(1) Immediately remove the patient from the scene, take off the contaminated clothes, shoes and hats, and thoroughly clean the contaminated skin, nails and hair with soapy water or water.

(2)解毒药 可用巯乙胺,每日200~400mg肌肉注射或缓慢静脉注射, 或加入1%葡萄糖溶液250m1中静脉滴注。症状改善后,酌情减量。

(2) The antidote can be given by intramuscular injection of 200-400mg / day, intravenous injection slowly, or intravenous drip in 250ml of 1% glucose solution. After the improvement of symptoms, reduce the amount as appropriate.

(3)支持和对症治疗,对昏迷患者积极防治脑水肿;出现精神症状者给予镇静药物或冬眠疗法,对汽油抗爆剂重度中毒患者必须加强护理,防止发生意外事故;并注意营养和补充液体。

(3) Support and symptomatic treatment, and actively prevent and treat brain edema for coma patients; The patients with mental symptoms should be given sedative drugs or hibernation therapy, and the patients with severe gasoline antiknock poisoning should be strengthened to prevent accidents; And pay attention to nutrition and fluid supplement.

汽油抗爆剂的急救处理方法就为大家介绍到这里了,希望大家都能够掌握,在发生意外的时候能够及时处理。

The emergency treatment method of gasoline antiknock agent is introduced here. I hope you can master it and deal with it in time in case of accident.

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